Cómo citar
Gómez González, M. del P., & Zapata Ossa, H. de J. (2016). Prevalencia de ambliopía en población escolar, Pereira-Colombia, 2014. Revista Investigaciones Andina, 18(32), 1443-1454. https://doi.org/10.33132/01248146.553

Resumen

Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia de la ambliopía en población escolar
de Pereira-Colombia, 2014.

Metodología. Se realizó un estudio transversal en población mayor de 5 años de básica primaria de instituciones públicas de Pereira. Se incluyeron 474 individuos de 8 instituciones; para la selección de la población se realizó una muestra compleja por conglomerados bi-etápico y estratificada. Se realizaron pruebas optométricas para el diagnóstico de ambliopía.

Resultados: La prevalencia de ambliopía fue 8,1% (IC 95% 5,3-10,9) para la población escolar entre 5 y 14 años; no hubo diferencia entre mujeres y hombres. Se encontraron diferencias según la afiliación al sistema de salud (p<0,05). La prevalencia de ambliopía en población escolar de Pereira fue superior a lo reportado en diferentes partes del mundo. Se evaluaron factores de riesgo clínico como defectos refractivos, severidad de estos y fotometría, así como factores sociales, lo cual es importante para el diagnóstico, manejo y pronóstico de la ambliopía.

Licencia

Los autores deben declarar la no existencia de conflictos de intereses ya sea por motivos de financiación del proyecto del cual es resultado el artículo; así como por motivos intelectuales, académicos, morales e investigativos.

La Revista de Investigaciones Andina se acoge a las normas éticas para publicaciones dadas por el COPE: http://publicationethics.org/resources/code-conduct

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